Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo


Leonardo was born in the town of Florence in the year 1452. He was a famous artist during the time of the renaissance. His first work that we know of is the drawing of Arno Valley.  He also became a master in the Guild of Saint Luke. His most famous painting is the well-known Mona Lisa. It is unknown who the woman in the painting is but we do know that he took a great deal of time and effort to make it perfect.

Leonardo was also known to be very smart. He also had many scientific and mathematic projects as well as his paintings.  He thought that both art and science were connected. He wrote all his ideas in about 13,000 pages. He died in the year 1519 in France and was remembered as an important man in the renaissance.

Michelangelo was another well-known artist during the time of the renaissance. He was born just outside of Tuscany, Italy in the year 1475. He was an apprentice of a man who owned the largest workshop in Florence. He is famous for the statue of David and the painting on the Sistine Chapel.

Before he died he designed St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome which he did not see finished. He died in the year 1564 and was remembered (just like Leonardo) for his influence during the renaissance.


Selecting Sharp Stuff for Trekking and Camping


I did some studies on sharp tools for trekking and camping this week. The three things I learned about were multipurpose tools, knives, and axes.

The multi-tool was my favorite. The multi-tool has many different uses and a very important part is that it is small and does not take up much space. It normally has a plain blade, serrated blade, a saw, and a file. Not as common parts include bits, can openers, scissors, and pliers.

Knives provide ease during trekking and camping. A fixed blade knife could even be used to split wood for fire if needed. You need to know how to use the knife before you go camping/trekking or it might not be the right knife for your needs. Some good rules to follow would be to ovoid tactical knives and odd-shaped blades. You will want a full-tang or narrow-tang knife that has a 4-6 inch blade.

Axes can be used for chopping, limbing, and splitting wood. A 18″ axe is probably the best to bring because it is versatile. Use caution when using axes because they can hurt you if you do not know how to use it.

These are the three sharp things that you may need when camping or trekking. Be sure to learn how to use each one before you begin so that nobody gets hurt.

Wild Honey


Wild honey is an extremely healthy food to add to your diet. It has many healing properties and it tastes very good. Wild honey is completely natural and made by very intelligent creatures.

Honey bees make honey from a wide range of flowers. They take the nectar from the flowers and carry it back in their stomachs. Although this may sound very gross it actually adds the glucose and fructose to the honey. The digestive enzymes from their stomachs add new compounds to the honey.

Wild honey is full of protein, minerals, vitamins, and enzymes. It has been found to have antifungal, antimicrobial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties. Honey is also full of fructose which is a type of sugar to be avoided. So honey must be taken is moderation. A quote from Proverbs also implies this theory.

Proverbs 25:27 “It is not good to eat much honey: so for men to search their own glory is not glory.”

Some ways to use honey would be to apply it directly a wound. Or take it in tea, ginger juice, lime juice, or even just plain.

Wild honey is a great resource God has given us but it needs to be used wisely. It is full of vitamins and minerals that our bodies need. We just need to take it in moderation and not over use it.


Vegetables Vs. Fruit

fresh_vegetables_in_basket-2560x1600.jpg“Eat your fruits and vegetables” is what you always hear when someone is trying to give you advice on eating healthy. But, is one better than the other? Or is one (or both) not good for your health either?

Well, the truth is that vegetables win this fight. Veggies are packed full of nutrients and enzymes that your body needs. Now this does not mean that all veggies are equally healthy. Some are more nutritious than others.

Fruit on the other hand can have some great vitamins but has lots of sugars. These sugars are called fructose. They are natural sugars found in fruits but can be just as destructive to the body as regular sugar . Of course it is still better to eat an apple or an orange instead of candy or cake. But, fruits just like sweets need to be monitored.

So when it comes to eating your fruits and veggies make the wiser choice and eat the veggies. Avoid the fructose rich fruit and eat the nutrient full vegetables.



Enzymes are extremely important to your health. Without them you would not be able to live. Enzymes ( also known as molecular catalysts) help your cells conduct a chemical reaction. In other words, they are what help you think, talk, taste, see, hear, and much more.

Your body makes these enzymes and are often made when you start chewing. The reason for this is because when you start chewing you should be eating and the enzymes are going to help take the nutrient from the food for your health. Chewing gum should be avoided so that you do not send a false signal to your body to create enzymes when they are not needed.

But what happens when you are eating  unhealthy and your body cannot produce enough enzymes? You are going to have to incorporate them into your diet. There are a couple options. You could either take a supplement or you could start including vegetables into your diet. Vegetables are full of enzymes. In order to keep their full potential you cannot cook them to (or any more than) 116 degrees Fahrenheit. When you do this you kill all of the enzymes inside the vegetables. The best way to eat them is raw or slightly steamed.

Today people eat almost all of their food cooked. This is a terrible mistake and needs to be fixed. We need to incorporate raw organic vegetables into our every day diet to improve our health and life.



Water is essential to our lives. We need it more than we even need food. Every day we can be dehydrated and not really know it. Often we forget to drink due to work and school. We will wait until we are thirsty to drink when in reality that is the wrong thing to do. At that point our bodies are already begging for water when we should have been drinking before that. A simple remedy is to keep big containers (not bottles) of water near you. Bottles can be dangerous if the chemicals from the plastic leak into the water. It is better to be safe than sorry in this case and just drink clean filtered water in a glass.

Our bodies need water because we are mostly made of it. And we are constantly using it, For example, we use water every time we exhale, talk, or exercise.  So how much water should we drink? Well, it will all depend on the person because you will need to know your weight. Take your weight and divide it in half and this will be the number of fluid ounces of water you will need to drink. For example, if you weigh 120 pounds you will need to drink 60 ounces of water every day.

Water is very important to our bodies. We all need to do our best to remember to drink lots of water (not too much though) every day. It not only will keep us healthy but prevent further health issues in the future.

Differential Steering With Car-Type Steering

This week I learned about differential steering an car-type steering. Here are some differences and likenesses between the two.

Both of the steering types are non-holonomic. This means that the base has to turn in order for the whole thing to turn. Differential steering is very agile. To go straight both motors will need to go the same speed and to turn one motor will have to go faster. If you want to go in a circle the motors will both go in the opposite direction.

Car-type you have the front two wheels turn and the back are still. It is a lot easier to move in a straight line compared to differential steering.

This is just a little bit of the things I learned in science this week.