History of Islam

Muhammad was born in the year 570. He was born in Mecca a place very near to the Ka’ba Shine which is very important to the Muslim religion. Muhammad’s parents died when he was still a child and he went to live with his uncle. At the age of twenty-four he married a wealthy widow and became a prosperous merchant. At the age of forty in the year 610 A.D. he had his “revelation”.  In his vision he was told he was a profit of a new religion and needed to prophesy to the world.  He was shunned by his family and many tried to kill him for his message. He moved to Medina in 622 probably for safety and to spread his message. He was greatly accepted and later captured Mecca and converts them to the Muslim religion.

In the Muslim religion there are five pillars (requirements). First there is Shahadah,   which is a creed under oath that the person must give. Second there is the Salat, which is the daily prayers of the Muslim and they must say at least five daily. This is to help them keep focused on their god Allah. Thirdly there is Zakat, which is a sort of almsgiving. Fourthly there is the Fast of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting for the Muslim people and is meant to save them from their sin. And finally, there is Hajj which is the pilgrimage that each Muslim must make. It means that they must walk seven times around the Ka’ba Shine, seven trips between Mt. Safa and Mt. Arweh, and then two days of praying and worshipping in the desert. The goal of each Muslim is to be favorable to Allah and to get into heaven.

After Muhammad there were four leaders (known as Caliphs) that were important. Their names were Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. Many of the Muslims disagreed on who was fit the best to rule and this caused a split into two sects. The Sunni and the Shia.

Although, I do not believe this religion it is still important to understand. Because it is the second largest religion in the world  and it also goes along with my studies of Europe.


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